Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Hocken: Prince of Collectors Otago University Press - RRP $59.99

Dr. Thomas Morland Hocken (1836–1910) arrived in Dunedin in 1862 at the age of 26. Throughout his busy life as a medical practitioner he amassed books, manuscripts, sketches, maps, and photographs of early New Zealand. Much of his initial collecting focused on the early discovery narratives of James Cook, the writings of Rev. Samuel Marsden and his contemporaries, Edward Gibbon Wakefield and the New Zealand Company, and Maori, especially in the south. He gifted his collection to the University of Otago in 1910. In this magnificent piece of research, Donald Kerr examines Hocken’s collecting activities and his vital contribution to preserving the history of New Zealand’s early postcontact period.

Finally, a really dense, in depth examination of one of New Zealand’s greatest bibliophiles.  Kiwis it seemed started publishing very early in the life of the Colony.  Not surprisingly, our desire to document and recors, to measure and observe and, of course, express our mind was pretty keen from the get-go.  And it’s collections like that at Otago’s Hocken Library that pay a unique tribute to that fact.  On my bookcase sits Taschen’s 1001 Books You Must Read Before You Die.  I reckon the collection of Dunedin  Dr T. M. Hocken would be well over that number.  He arrived in Dunedin in 1862, aged 26 and started collecting almost immediately.  His collections were vast and specialised, Over about 48 years he’d amassed a huge set of books, manuscripts, pamphlets, maps and sketches on common and rare details of New Zealand’s early history, which he kept at his house “Atahapara” on Moray Place, Dunedin.  His original focus was Captain Cook and early exploration narratives of the Reverend Samuel Marsden and his contemporaries; Edward Gibbon Wakefield and the NZ Company; histories of the South; early Maori encounters; and general writing on early NZ’s early histories in general.  There are also wonderful maps from Colenso’s expeditions and other early artefacts. 

Hocken had two main contemporaries in book collecting: Governor George Grey and Alexander Turnbull.  Biographer Don Kerr  has done a magnificent job not only documenting the life of Thomas Hocken but he also provides insights into the intimate life of the man and offers some profiling on the particular difference between these collectors and their particular collecting habits and drive.  For instance, in the forward Kerr notes that Turnbull was “interested in books as object.  He had them bound and embellished in London by the superstar craftsmen of the day and built a collection about the history of the book and book arts around them.”  Kerr suggests that Hocken took a different approach: “...a far more practical approach, developing a collection primarily as a database to use in e was also a proper book nut: a bibliographer.  His first work on the subject was A Bibliography o the Literature relating to New Zealand (pub July 1909).  It was one of his many talents.  He was a father, an explorer and a pioneering doctor in the South.   

He was well respected in Dunedin and in New Zealand being employed for a range of unique roles for the colony’s early endeavours.  For instance in 1898 Hocken, Kerr tells us, became a commissioner of the Otago Settlement Jubilee Exhibition, marking 50 years of the province's settlement. A few year’s later, in 1903, he travelled to Japan, Greece, Egypt, and Great Britain to conduct his own archaeological and historical research and whilst in Britain, he collated documents relating to the New Zealand Company and New Zealand Mission which he brought back to New Zealand.  It’s because of Hocken that we know so much about Marsden and Wakefield and managed to secure a large number of them and bring them back to New Zealand.  And he continued to be an educator and promoter giving lectures on a vast range of topics, researched from his collection.  One in particular, Kerr reminds us, was The Letters and Journal of Samuel Marsden, now regarded as a pivotal work on the man. 

And it all continued throughout his life.  In 1010, at his funeral, the entire of Dunedin turned up to pay respect and not long after the pressure went on to bring the vast collection under the wings of the Otago University.  The Hocken Library became a legacy, valued well beyond any money.  Early leaders William Pember Reeves saw the value in this amazing archivist and his collection.

Kerr has fully detailed not only Hocken’s life (b.1836-d.1910) but his collecting activities, and more importantly his legacy to the intellectual and cultural development of our country.  The notes, footnotes and index must be at least ¼ of this 424page tome.  They also include a range of colour plates, photos and images that illustrate the collection, the times and the topic.  Kerr’s own bibliography for this work is over 30 pages alone!  But there’s also plenty of leads for anyone wanting to explore individual books or writings.  This has a massive vault of breadcrumbs for both professional and amateur researchers to follow – just like Hocken intended, I think.

And there’s no doubt that Kerr’s the right book geek to make all this happen.  He’s the Special Collections Librarian and the co-director at the University of Otago’s Centre for the Book.  He’s studied Grey and intellectuals like, Henry Shaw Frank W. Reed and Esmond de Beer and he’s already embarking on another project – 12 contemporary Kiwi bibliophiles.  Kerr’s created a book that is more than a biography or a Uni text – it’s a starter for research that could be a catalyst for your own private collection.  Perhaps it’s a taster to hunt out a few documents at your local antique shop, or to pay more attention during The Antique’s Roadshow. 

But a final question I have for Kerr, as I write this, is this:  In the digital age, without the need for bookshelves how will the bibliophiles of the future collect and what will that be.  Is the love of books the same as a love of reading?  Can our personalities and heritage still be conveyed in what we choose or choose not to read and store?  In other words do libraries and book collections still matter?  What do you think?